Are your lights are getting cracked and are getting full of water when it rains? Today I’m going to show you how to replace a headlight housing on your car.
Modern headlight assemblies are much more complex than old cars. They come in sections, so you have to take a whole bunch of stuff off in order to get to the headlight housing.
Before you we get started, I have to let you know. It is not uncommon for a vehicle to have panels or parts that need to be removed in order to change headlight assemblies. On some vehicles, you will have to remove the front bumper in order to gain access to the headlights.
Even though these procedures can be fairly easy, they are time-consuming.
How do I know if my headlight needs to be replaced?
If there is anything wrong with the way your headlights are currently functioning, they will need to be repaired or both headlights will need to be swapped.
There are two main ways that you can get an idea of whether or not you need to replace your headlights. The first is by doing an inspection of the outside housing, and the second is by checking how well they are illuminating the road during night driving.
You can start this process with a quick walk around the car.
1. Inspect the headlights visually
First, look at your headlights closely without turning on any lights inside or outside of your vehicle, you should be able to get a good idea for any obvious damage.
If you don’t see any cracks on the headlight assembly, inspect the condition of the front side of the headlights. Over time, headlights tend to haze. Also, water can get inside the housing and burn out the bulb.
Either way, the headlights shouldn’t be hazed or filled with water. If that is the case, you should inspect the headlight housing even further by removing the housing.
2. Check how well your headlights are illuminating the road during the night
If you only have one headlight that is working it would be very easy to check whether or not both headlights are producing light while driving at night.
If there are cracks in the bulb cover, you might be able to see it from the inside, but you will need a separate inspection process for that. However, if there is any damage to your headlight lenses after an accident or because of road debris, the entire housing assembly will need to be replaced so you can safely drive at night.
If your headlights do not seem to be producing light correctly, they could also simply need a good cleaning. Some vehicles include built-in washers and wipers for self-cleaning the headlights when running water over them while driving in rain and snow.
If there is nothing wrong with the lighting itself, then simply cleaning the headlight assembly could solve the problem. However, I would recommend checking out whether or not your headlights are damaged before attempting to clean them.
How Do You Replace a Headlight Housing?
Headlights are an important part of your car. They allow you to see what is in front of you while driving, and they also make it easier for other drivers to see your car on the road.
Over time, the headlights can become damaged or cracked, which can lead to decreased visibility while driving. In this blog post, I will walk you through how to replace headlight housing on your car.
1. Gather the required tools
To replace the headlight assembly on your car, you will need a few basic tools:
- Flathead screwdriver
- Socket wrench set
- Headlight assembly
- Headlight bulbs
2. Make sure the engine is cold
Since you will be working very close to the engine, make sure that it is cold before starting. In order to replace the headlight housing, you will have to remove some screws that are found on the inside of the engine bay.
So, to avoid getting burned by the hot engine, make sure that the engine is cold. It takes around 20-30 minutes for a hot engine to cool down.
3. Remove bolts that hold the headlight in place
Usually, there are between two and four bolts on the top of the headlight assembly that holds it in place and on the backside of the headlight housing. You will be able to locate them by opening the hood. Once you’ve located them, remove them with a wrench or socket and store the bolts someplace safe.
On some vehicles, you might find screws instead of bolts. In that case, use a flathead screwdriver to remove the screws and store them for later on.
4. Disconnect the electrical connector
Every headlight assembly has electrical connectors on the back of the headlight. This electrical connector is what gives electricity to the headlight bulb.
Basically, remove any electrical cords that are preventing you from sliding out the headlight housing. They are usually different sizes, but just in case they are the same size, remember which connector goes where.
Some headlight assemblies might have more than one electrical connector. If your blinkers are connected to the headlight assembly, you will have two electrical connectors. In that case, remove both electrical connectors.
5. Remove the old headlight assembly
Once the bolts or screws that hold the headlight assembly have been removed and the electrical connectors have been disconnected, you can remove and replace the headlight housing by simply pulling it towards you.
There should be nothing holding the headlight housing and it should come out easily. If the headlight assembly isn’t coming out easily, there is probably some screw or bolt that you need to locate and remove.
Also, some headlight housings come out at a certain angle. So make sure to slowly try different angles. Just go easy as you don’t want to break anything.
6. Install headlight bulbs on the new assembly
Before installing the headlight assembly, you will need to install new headlight bulbs. In order to do so, remove the bulb sockets from the headlight assembly.
Be sure not to touch the bulbs with bare fingers. Nitrile gloves work great for this. Finger oil can cause hot spots that cause the bulb to burn out prematurely.
There is an electrical connector on the back of the head bulbs as well as a clamp that holds them in place. Disconnect the electrical connector and remove the clamp and then take out the old head bulb and insert a new one.
Secure the new headlight bulbs in their sockets and insert them into the new headlight assembly. Secure the headlamp by turning the retainer ring clockwise into its socket.
7. Connect the electrical connectors on the new assembly
Before performing this step, make sure that the electrical connectors are clean and debris-free. Sometimes dirt and debris, as well as water, can get into the electrical connectors. In those cases, they won’t be able to power the headlight bulbs. If everything is alright, reconnect the electrical connectors to the headlight assembly and blinkers.
8. Slide the new headlight assembly into place
After reconnecting the electrical connectors to the new headlight assembly, slide it back into place. Then, reinstall the bolts or screws that you previously stored safely. Make sure to tighten them enough so the headlight assembly doesn’t move while you drive your car.
9. Test the new headlights
Before driving your vehicle on the road, make sure to start the engine and test the headlights. If you followed this article step by step, you should have a working headlight.
Do headlight assemblies come with bulbs?
Usually, the headlight assemblies do not include bulbs. However, if your old headlight bulbs are operational, you can easily install them on the new headlight assembly.
How do I know what size my car’s headlights are?
Check your owner’s manual for the correct headlight size specification. The information will also help determine which replacement bulb to use based on its design and application. If no size is mentioned, use the same type/size as before.
Vehicle owners may also check with their authorized dealer for more specific information about headlight sizes available for their particular model. Also, check the vehicle’s warranty conditions to know what replacement bulbs are allowed.
How do I know if my headlight regulator needs to be replaced?
Right behind the lens of your headlight bulb will be a small box attached to your car. This would be the electronic component known as the Headlamp Regulator.
If you inspect this, and it looks like it has flash-over damage or is clearly burnt out, then it will need to be replaced in addition to the headlights themselves.
Again, before trying this you should check with a professional whether or not there is any damage inside of these components or between any wires that could result in more problems if tampered with.
These regulators can become very hot during normal car operation and they can cause damage to the surrounding parts and lights.
If this regulator is damaged or simply not working correctly, your lights could still look like they are on while driving at night, but they might not be shining very brightly.
Without a good regulator, you also will likely see lights flickering while driving. If your vehicle’s headlights flicker while switched on and off, even when there isn’t any apparent damage, then it probably just needs a new headlight housing assembly or regulator.
Take special note if one headlamp flickers more than the other because this could indicate a problem with that particular bulb and should mean getting both bulbs replaced together in addition to whatever other repairs need to happen.