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6 Reasons Why Your Airbag Warning Light Is On

Airbags are an important safety feature in any car. They can help protect you in the event of a collision. That’s why it’s important to know what to do if your airbag warning light comes on. In this blog post, we will discuss six reasons why your airbag warning light might be on. We’ll also provide tips on how to fix the problem.

A rusted airbag sensor is the number one reason why the airbag warning light is on. The airbag sensor is located in the front of the vehicle where all the road salt and moisture builds-up, causing the sensor to become rusty and trigger the airbag warning light.

Key Takeaway

  • The airbag inflator could be faulty and trigger the warning light.
  • The electrical harness that delivers power to the airbag sensor could be faulty.
  • Impact sensor malfunctioning can cause the airbag warning light to turn on.
  • The SRS airbag module that controls the timing of airbag deployment could be faulty causing the warning light to come on.
  • The clock spring that provides power to the airbag module could malfunction and trigger the warning light.
  • A faulty seat occupancy sensor can become damaged by constantly moving the seat forward and backward and can trigger the airbag warning light.

6 Reasons Why Your Airbag Warning Light Is On

6 Reasons Why Your Airbag Warning Light Is On

In a case of an accident, the airbags are deployed at a speed of 320km/hr and act as a cushion to prevent the driver and the passenger from hitting the steering wheel and the dashboard. However, over time, the airbag system can fail and cause a warning light to come on. Here are six reasons why your airbag warning light is on.

1. Faulty airbag inflator

6 Reasons Why Your Airbag Warning Light Is On

Every time you start your car, the vehicle performs a system check to make sure that the airbag inflator is working properly. If the airbag inflator is faulty, this data will be transferred to the vehicle module and an airbag warning light will be triggered.

An airbag inflator is an important (and mandated!) part of any vehicle today. The airbag inflator is responsible for creating a cushion of air when an accident or collision occurs, which helps to protect the occupants from serious injury.

This happens when a crash occurs and sensors detect a rapid rise in acceleration. Then, a signal is sent through the system that causes an electrical current to set off an explosive charge inside the inflator.

This charge ignites small amounts of sodium azide stored within the inflator, causing it to rapidly expand into a gas that rapidly fills the bag with many times more pressure than regular airflow alone could provide – quickly providing much-needed protection for all occupants in the vehicle.

2. Bad airbag sensor harness

6 Reasons Why Your Airbag Warning Light Is On

The airbag sensor has an electrical connector that supplies power to the sensor. If the electrical harness is faulty, the airbag sensor isn’t able to perform as it should which will get reported to the vehicle’s computer and a warning light will be triggered.

The airbag sensor gets power supplied through a pre-tensioner circuit. It runs off the same battery power that runs the car’s motor. This small but powerful charge supplies just enough energy for the airbag sensors to spring into action and deploy quickly and efficiently when necessary.

3. Bad impact sensors

6 Reasons Why Your Airbag Warning Light Is On

When the impact sensors in an airbag system fail, it can result in devastating consequences. If an accident were to occur, the lack of a functional sensor may cause the car’s airbags not to deploy at all, or deploy with too much force far beyond what is intended for safety. However, the vehicle’s computer is able to alert the driver by illuminating the airbag warning light.

Through sophisticated technology, car manufacturers use sensors to detect when a collision has occurred in order to deploy an airbag. The sensors detect the pressure or movement between parts of a car, or with an object that it has collided with.

This data is analyzed by computers which determine whether to deploy an airbag or not at millisecond intervals. In this way, airbags are deployed before any passenger’s body can hit the dashboards or other surfaces within the vehicle during a crash.

4. Faulty SRS airbag module

6 Reasons Why Your Airbag Warning Light Is On

When the SRS airbag module fails, a warning light will come on, alerting drivers to the issue and reminding them to have it inspected by a qualified mechanic as soon as possible. Unfortunately, this failure can render the airbags useless during a crash, which could lead to serious injury to passengers.

The SRS airbag module contains a computerized algorithm that controls the deployment and timing of the Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) airbag in a vehicle. It is designed to provide extra protection for occupants in the event of an automobile accident.

The SRS airbag module works by detecting a sudden deceleration and then deploying the airbags at the precise moment when maximum protection is needed. It’s important to note that the amount of time it takes from the moment of impact to when the airbag actually inflates is dependent on various factors, including vehicle speed and angle of impact.

5. Broken clock spring

6 Reasons Why Your Airbag Warning Light Is On

When the clock spring in the airbag of a vehicle fails, a warning light on the dashboard will illuminate to notify the driver that the airbag is no longer functional. Not only does a failed clock spring render the airbag useless during an accident, but depending on where and how severely the clock spring was damaged, other essential components of your car such as the steering can be affected.

The purpose of a clock spring in airbags is to provide power to the airbag module. The clock spring is a spiral-shaped vinyl ribbon spooled into a coil that contains conductive material that connects the airbag module to the wiring harness and adds electrical continuity when it is connected to the steering wheel.

This allows for continuity of control signals from the electric rack and pinion assembly, the electric brake switch, and various other components even when the steering wheel turns from side to side. Essentially, this allows for all of these vehicle systems to work together harmoniously without interruption, so that if an accident occurs, an airbag will be deployed effectively with minimal delay.

6. Faulty seat occupancy sensor

When the seat occupancy sensor fails, it is usually indicated by an airbag warning light that appears on the dashboard of your vehicle. This warning light alerts you that the system related to the airbag has detected a malfunction with the seat occupancy sensor. Depending on the make and model of your vehicle, this can be caused due to any number of things such as a broken wire or faulty sensor.

The seat occupancy sensor is a device that helps vehicles monitor and controls the number of passengers inside. It works in a way that detects changes in weight when someone sits down or stands up inside the vehicle, via tiny pressure-sensitive pads located under the passenger’s seat cushion.

Once detected, this will inform the vehicle’s computer if there are any irregularities with regard to how many people are inside the car versus what has been programmed at start-up. This can help keep everybody safe in the case of emergency braking or other sudden movements.

Is It Safe To Drive With Airbag Light On?

It is not safe to drive with the airbag light on because that light is alerting you that your airbag system is not functioning properly and airbags won’t deploy in case of an accident. You should get your vehicle checked out by mechanics and fix whatever is causing the warning light to come on.

The airbag system in cars is a complex and genius invention that helps protect drivers and passengers from injury. Airbags deploy from the steering wheel, dashboard, and side panels when an accident occurs to keep occupants from making direct contact with components of the interior.

An associated sensor recognizes signs of impact and immediately triggers the inflation of these safety devices. Once triggered, the bags are filled with gas coming from a restraint control module. This all happens within milliseconds, reducing potential physical harm significantly.

While airbags can save lives, they do require regular servicing to ensure that they are functioning properly. This type of maintenance keeps drivers safe during those moments when a potential accident has just occurred or is imminent.

The airbag system is running a check each time you turn on your vehicle. If there is something wrong with one of the components, the vehicle’s computer is going to trigger a warning light. This way, you are being alerted that the airbag system is not working. You shouldn’t drive your vehicle without the airbags because of a safety risk.

How Do I Get My Airbag Light To Turn Off?

Every time you start your vehicle, you should see the airbag light turn on for a few seconds and then turn off if everything is alright. The reason behind this is the vehicle’s computer is doing a diagnostic check on the airbag system. If the airbag light stays on after a few seconds, there is something wrong with the airbag system, and here is how to turn it off.

1. Scan the vehicle for trouble codes

First, you need to scan the vehicle for trouble codes and see if any airbag-related codes come up. This will help you pinpoint the problem. The most common diagnostic trouble code related to the airbag system will start with a B19(0,1,2,3,4,5,6-27). Hook up an OBD2 scanner to the vehicle’s computer port and run a scan. On this scan, you will get something like a Passenger side airbag fault or Driver side airbag fault.

2. Locate the airbag harness connector under the seat

The most common cause of an airbag turning on is due to the airbag wiring harness found underneath the driver’s seat or the front passenger seat. This wiring harness is usually yellow in color and easily detectable.

3. Disconnect and inspect the wiring harness

The reason why the airbag wiring harness gets damaged so often is that moving the seat back and forward, or storing something underneath the sit and accidentally hitting the wiring harness. This is why it is important to be careful when you are vacuuming under the seat and avoid connection problems.

4. Clean the wiring harness and reconnect it

Most of the time, the airbag wiring harness is just dirty from dust or it is slightly disconnected by getting hit with a water bottle or something else underneath the seat. If there is no visible damage on the wiring harness, blow any dust with some air and reconnect it. Make sure that it clips into place.

5. Start your vehicle

Start your vehicle and let it run for a minute. At this point, the vehicle’s computer will have to run up to thirty checks to make sure that the airbag system is working properly before turning off the airbag light. So, just wait for a minute and the airbag light should be turned off.

P0115: Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor 1 Circuit – Meaning, Symptoms, Causes, and How To Fix It

The P0115 trouble code stands for Engine Coolant Temperature Sensors 1 Circuit which means the vehicle’s computer has detected bad input signals coming from the engine coolant temperature (ECT) sensor circuit. The engine coolant temperature sensor informs the vehicle’s computer about the current temperature of the engine so that the fuel injection and ignition timing can be properly adjusted. If the ECT sensor isn’t able to send out information due to a bad circuit, a P0115 trouble code will be triggered.

Key Takeaway

  • The P0115 trouble code stands for Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor 1 Circuit.
  • It can affect almost all vehicles on the market.
  • The P0115 trouble code can be caused by a bad ECT sensor, damaged ECT sensor connector, shorted ECT sensor signal circuit, overheated engine, low coolant level, or air in the cooling system.
  • The most common symptoms of a P0115 code include check engine light, hard starting, decreased fuel economy, engine running rich, engine running lean, engine stalling, and engine overheating.
  • It’s not safe to drive with a P0115 code because the engine can overheat without any warning.
  • To diagnose a P0115 code, you need to scan your vehicle with an OBD2 scanner, and verify that power is getting to the ECT sensor with the help of a multimeter.
  • Repairing the P0115 code costs between $80 – $150 depending on make and model.

What Does The P0115 Code Mean?

P0115 Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor 1 Circuit – Meaning, Symptoms, Causes, and How To Fix It

The P00115 is a diagnostic trouble code that suggests the Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor 1 Circuit has malfunctioned. The engine coolant temperature (ECT) sensor has the purpose of measuring the temperature of the engine and sending it to the vehicle’s computer. When the engine coolant temperature sensor is unable to perform its task due to a faulty circuit, a P0115 code will be triggered.

A coolant temperature sensor works by measuring the temperature of the engine’s coolant. The sensor detects changes in the coolant temperature and relays this information to the engine control unit. This helps to regulate things like fuel injection levels and ignition timing to help ensure your engine runs efficiently.

How a Coolant Temperature Sensor Works

The engine coolant temperature sensor found in most vehicles is electrically operated. Since this sensor is electrically operated, its readings are highly accurate and reliable compared to manual measurements. However, when the power supply to the engine coolant temperature sensor fails, a P0115 code will be triggered.

The accuracy of the readings from a coolant temperature sensor is very important for proper engine operation, as operating either too hot or too cold can be damaging to engine components or result in poor performance.

Which Vehicles Are Affected By The P0115 Code

MakeAffected By P0115 Code
ToyotaYes
NissanYes
ChevroletYes
BMWYes
AudiYes
BuickYes
MercedesYes
GMCYes
SuzukiYes
TataYes
LexusYes
MazdaYes
MitsubishiYes
KiaYes
JeepYes
FiatYes
HondaYes
HyundaiYes
OpelYes
FordYes
FiatYes
PeugeotYes

What Are The Possible Causes of The P0115 Code?

The most common causes of a P0115 code include a bad engine coolant temperature (ECT) sensor, damaged connector, shorted circuit, overheated engine, low coolant level, or air in the cooling system. All of these can contribute to the premature wear of the ECT sensor and the P0115 code.

1. Bad ECT sensor

The engine coolant temperature sensor in cars is an essential component used to measure the temperature of the car’s coolant system. This data allows the electronic control unit (ECU) to regulate and adjust various parameters, including fueling, timing, and idle speed. It also helps alert drivers via warning lights when the engine is potentially overheating or operating at a higher-than-normal temperature.

Without a functioning temperature sensor, it would be difficult for the ECU to accurately manage a car’s performance and fuel efficiency, while also ensuring safe engine temperatures are maintained. As a result, the P0115 trouble code will be triggered.

2. Damaged ECT sensor connector

The engine coolant temperature sensor in cars plays an important role in the performance of a vehicle. The connector – which is often made of plastic or metal, depending on the type of car – allows for electrical current to pass through the sensor, connecting it to the car’s computer system. This connection provides information about the engine coolant temperature so that the computer can make necessary adjustments and keep the car running smoothly and safely.

If the ECT sensor connector is damaged, the ECT sensor will not be able to operate properly and a P0115 code will be triggered.

Operating a car or other motor vehicle without a functioning engine coolant temperature sensor connector can be an extremely dangerous proposition. Coolant temperature is essential for ensuring that your vehicle’s engine does not overheat and cause lasting damage, so any issues with the connector should be addressed quickly and efficiently in order to keep your motor running properly.

Physically inspecting the damaged piece and replacing it accordingly is usually the best course of action in repairing the damaged connector, as attempting to repair it with makeshift materials can result in reduced performance of your engine or even further damage down the line.

3. Shorted ECT sensor signal circuit

A shorted ECT sensor signal circuit occurs when power from the battery is sent down a different route than was originally intended, creating an electrical overload that has the potential to cause significant damage.

It can occur for a number of reasons, most commonly due to frayed or damaged wiring, it can also be caused by something like corroded battery terminals or faulty spark plugs. When this happens, the ECT sensor fails to report the temperature of the engine properly and a P0115 code will be triggered.

Faulty engine coolant temperature sensors can cause a range of issues with your vehicle, from excessive fuel consumption to overheating.

4. Engine overheating

Engine overheating can be detrimental to a car, but it can also irreversibly damage the engine coolant temperature sensor. If an engine is routinely subjected to higher temperatures, the coolant temperature sensor weakens from the exposure and can fail.

The normal operating temperature range for most engine coolant temperature sensors is from 32 degrees Fahrenheit to 221 degrees Fahrenheit. Anything above 221 degrees Fahrenheit can cause the engine coolant temperature sensor to fail and trigger a P0115 code.

5. Low coolant level

Driving a vehicle with a low coolant level will cause the engine to eventually overheat. The temperature that an overheated engine release is enough to damage the engine coolant temperature sensor. When the ECT sensor is damaged, a P0115 code will be triggered.

If a car has low coolant levels, it can lead to major engine damage and even complete failure. Coolant is essentially the lifeblood of your car engine, allowing it to run smoothly and reliably by regulating temperatures. Properly maintained coolant levels are key to ensuring that your engine continues to function well over its lifetime.

6. Air in the cooling system

Having air in the cooling system is equivalent to not having coolant. The air pocket can prevent coolant from moving freely throughout the engine block and radiator, resulting in overheating. When the engine overheats, it reaches a temperature of 220 degrees Fahrenheit which is the limit of the engine coolant temperature sensor. This will cause the ECT sensor to fail and trigger a P0155 code.

What Are The Common Symptoms of The P0115 Code?

The most common symptoms of the P0115 code include illuminated check engine light, hard starting when the engine is cold, decreased fuel economy, engine running rich or lean, engine stalling until it is warmed up, and engine overheating.

1. Check engine light

One of the major symptoms of a failed engine coolant temperature sensor (P0115) is when the check engine light turns on. This is caused by the sensor’s inability to provide the vehicle’s computer with accurate information regarding the current engine coolant temperature.

The car’s computer needs this information so that it can adjust parameters such as fuel injection and ignition timing to ensure that your car engine runs efficiently, without overworking itself or breaking down. When the sensor fails, it sends inaccurate information, confusing your car’s computer and causing it to alert you through the check engine light.

Diagnosing and replacing a failed engine coolant temperature sensor as soon as possible can help minimize potential damage to your car’s engine and save you costly repair bills in the future.

2. Hard starting

Hard starting is a common symptom of a faulty engine coolant temperature sensor (P0115), and it can cause no small amount of worry for car owners. A failed engine coolant temperature sensor, or ECTS, can prevent ignition timing from being properly adjusted based on engine temperature.

This essential component helps ensure efficient fuel combustion, which helps the engine get off the mark quickly and smoothly. Without the precise control achieved by a functioning ECTS, hard starting is sure to occur when an engine is cold or hot.

Avoiding hard starting due to a failed ECTS means having your vehicle inspected if you experience symptoms such as excessive sputtering or stalling when trying to start your car.

3. Decreased fuel economy

The engine coolant temperature sensor is an important component of a car’s internal combustion system. When the engine coolant temperature sensor fails (P0115), it can have serious consequences for fuel consumption – and ultimately your wallet!

In essence, a failed engine coolant temperature sensor reduces the efficiency of the engine by not accurately monitoring temperatures during operation. The resulting fluctuating temperatures increase pressure on other engine components and reduce overall fuel efficiency; so not only are you now using more fuel, but you’re also putting stress on other parts which can lead to more costly damage down the road.

4. Engine running rich

What Are The Common Symptoms of The P0115 Code

If a vehicle’s engine coolant temperature sensor is malfunctioning (P0115), one of the associated symptoms is that the engine may run rich. This means that too much gasoline is being directed into the combustion chamber, and not enough air is present to help create a perfect air/fuel ratio balance.

When this happens, the engine may run rough or stall entirely – because too much fuel is not combusting with the amount of air that’s available. In some cases, an overly rich mixture will cause excess smoke from the tailpipe and can reduce fuel economy significantly as well.

To diagnose this issue and determine if it is linked to a failed engine coolant temperature sensor, it’s best to bring your car in for a diagnostic check-up from a specialist.

5. Engine running lean

The engine coolant temperature sensor is an important component of a car’s operation since it helps to regulate the engine’s temperature. If the sensor fails (P0115), it can have serious consequences for your vehicle. One symptom of a failed engine coolant temperature sensor is the engine running lean, which occurs when there is too much air and not enough fuel in the combustion chamber.

This happens because a malfunctioning coolant temperature sensor causes incorrect air-fuel ratios in the mixture, creating an imbalance that usually leads to insufficient amounts of fuel being delivered to the cylinders.

Without proper levels of fuel, the engine runs at an efficient level but without enough power output or acceleration capacity. It’s important that you take note of any symptoms such as an engine running lean to avoid further damage or deterioration of your car’s functions down the line.

6. Engine stalling

What Are The Common Symptoms of The P0115 Code

When a vehicle’s engine coolant temperature sensor fails (P0115), the vehicle’s engine can begin stalling. This is because the failed temperature sensor cannot properly send information to the vehicle’s computer.

Without this knowledge concerning the actual temperature of the engine’s coolant, the computer cannot determine precisely how much fuel to inject into the engine. As a result, an excessively large or small amount of gasoline may be sent to the engine at any given time, resulting in frequent stalling and other issues with the running and performance of the vehicle.

7. Engine overheating

When an engine coolant temperature sensor fails (P0115), the most immediately noticeable symptom is engine overheating. This is because the primary purpose of the sensor is to measure and track the temperature of the coolant as it circulates around the engine.

If it does not function properly, then the car’s computer cannot accurately determine how hot or cold the coolant is and may misinterpret this data, causing it to incorrectly adjust operations like fan speeds and fuel-air mixture in response.

As these essential components are not operating within their expected parameters, a higher rate of heat buildup typically results, leading to engine overheating.

Is It Safe To Drive With a P0115 Code

It is not safe to drive with a P0115 code (Engine coolant temperature sensor malfunction) because this sensor is a critical component that affects the cooling and fueling of the engine by providing readings of the engine temperature. If you drive with a P0115 code, the engine can overheat without any warnings.

The engine coolant temperature sensor is an essential component of any vehicle, enabling the car to adjust its engine revolutions and fuel-air mixture in order to ensure that it runs optimally. The coolant temperature sensor does this by monitoring the temperature of the engine’s coolant, alerting the car when a certain temperature threshold has been reached.

By keeping engine temperatures within an optimal range, particularly when a high load is placed on the engine, this sensor plays an important role in ensuring safe and reliable operation while also increasing performance efficiency.

When the engine coolant temperature sensor fails, there can be serious consequences. Without this critical component in peak working condition, it can allow the engine to overheat due to a lack of temperature information – which can then cause long-term damage further down the line. Such damage could require expensive repairs or worse still, result in an unsafe driving experience for the driver and their passengers.

It’s therefore essential that drivers pay close attention to their vehicles and are aware of any potential signs of deterioration from the engine coolant temperature sensor so that any potential risks are avoided before they become an issue.

How To Diagnose The P0115 Code (Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor)

Diagnosing a P0115 code requires a complete vehicle scan that will show any trouble codes that the vehicle has and actually inspecting the broken part which in this case is the engine coolant temperature sensor.

1. Scan the vehicle with an OBD scanner

P0115 Code

In order to diagnose a P0115 code, you will need to hook up an OBD2 scanner to the vehicle’s computer port. This is usually located underneath the steering wheel, but it can also be found in the engine bay. Hook up the OBD2 scanner and scan the vehicle for trouble codes. When done, you should have a P0115 Engine coolant temperature sensor 1 circuit code.

2. Locate the engine coolant temperature sensor

P0115 Code

Locating the engine coolant temperature sensor can be easy or difficult depending on your make and model of car. In vehicles manufactured before 2000, the engine coolant temperature sensor is typically located near the top of the engine in a circular plug-in assembly. Modern cars require further disassembly to reach the sensor, often beginning with the removal of air ducts, intake manifold covers, or hoses.

What I like to do before trying to locate the engine coolant temperature sensor is to perform a Google search and see how the ECT sensor looks for the vehicle that I am working on. The ECT sensor is most likely to be near the engine and will have an electrical connector on top.

3. Verify that power is getting to the sensor

In some cases, power is not getting to the sensor. This will trigger the P0115 code even though the ECT sensor is working. So, disconnect the power harness and test to see if power is getting to the sensor. For this, you will need a voltmeter. Turn the ignition key to the on position and place the black lead on a metal part of the engine(ground) and the red lead directly into the power harness.

You should get around five volts. If the voltage readings are very low like one or two volts, it is a definitely concern. You should proceed to find any damages on the wiring. However, if you tested that enough power is getting to the engine coolant temperature sensor, continue to the next step.

4. Remove the ECT sensor and test it

P0115 Code

The ECT sensor is held in place by a 19-millimeter bolt, Using a wrench, remove the ECT sensor to test it further. On the top of the ECT sensor, you will notice two metal prongs. Through these prongs, the ECT sensor gets the electrical power and sends out the readings. Grab a multimeter and set it on OHMs. Touch the red lead to one prong and the black to the other prong. You should get a reading between 1.5 and 2 Ohms. If you are getting low readings or no readings at all, it means that the engine coolant temperature sensor is faulty.

How Much Does It Cost To Repair P0115 Code

MakeP0115 Part CostP0115 Labor CostP0115 Total Repair Cost
Toyota$34.38$80$114.38
Nissan$19.92$80$99.92
Chevrolet$15.53$80$95.53
BMW$20.07$80$100.07
Audi$15.17$80$95.17
Buick$16.59$80$96.59
Mercedes$12.05$80$92.05
GMC$16.59$80$96.59
Suzuki$14.59$80$94.59
Tata$15.53$80$95.53
Lexus$34.38$80$114.38
Mazda$37.91$80$117.91
Mitsubishi$14.59$80$94.59
Kia$19.74$80$99.74
Jeep$22.68$80$102.68
Fiat$22.15$80$102.15
Honda$66.85$80$146.85
Hyundai$19.74$80$99.74
Opel$14.56$80$94.56
Ford$13.16$80$93.16
Fiat$15.01$80$95.01
Peugeot$14.56$80$94.56

What Repairs Can Fix The P0115 Code

Repairs that can fix the P0115 code include:

  • Replacing the bad engine coolant sensor with a new one which costs around $100 (depending on make and model).
  • Replacing the electrical connector that feeds power to the ECT sensor which costs about $30.
  • Replace any damaged wiring that runs from the ECT to the battery which can cost between $50 and $100 depending on how many wires are damaged.

How To Fix The P0115 Code (Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor)

The P0115 code is a diagnostics code that means the vehicle’s computer has detected bad readings coming from the engine coolant temperature sensor. Two things can contribute to the P0115 code: bad ECT sensor, or bad wiring/connectors. In order to fix the P0115, you must first determine what is the problem and then continue to fix it.

1. Scan the vehicle for trouble codes

P0115 Code

Connect the OBD2 scanner to the vehicle’s diagnostics port and run a scan. Make sure that you get a P0115 code before continuing any further.

2. Locate the ECT sensor

P0115 Code

The engine coolant temperature sensor is usually attached to the engine itself. Although the location of the ECT sensor may vary depending on the make and model, you can always refer to the owner’s manual for this information.

3. Visually inspect the electrical connector

P0115 Code

If the electrical connector is the reason for the P0115 code, you will know only by visually inspecting it. I am talking about a broken connector, damaged wiring, melted ports, etc. If this is the case, you can go ahead and replace the electrical wiring going to the ECT sensor. However, if everything looks normal without any visible damage, the fault might be lying in the ECT sensor itself.

4. Test the ECT sensor

To test the ECT sensor, you can use a multimeter and get an OHM reading from the sensor while the sensor is attached to the vehicle, or you can remove the sensor and place it in a hot water and then get a reading. I prefer the first one because it is more accurate. With the ignition turned to the on position, place the black lead as the ground and the red lead into the ECT sensor pin. You should get a reading of about 1.5 – 2.0 OHMs.

5. Replace the ECT sensor

P0115 Code

If you get low or no reading from the ECT sensor, you will need to replace it. Grab a 19-millimeter socket and remove the sensor. The bolt that holds the sensor in place is actually attached to the sensor itself. Then, go ahead and install the new ECT sensor and tighten it properly. Reattach the electrical connector and scan your vehicle for trouble codes. There should be no P0115 on the OBD2 scanner at this point.

P0401: EGR Flow Insufficient Detected – Meaning, Symptoms, Causes, and How To Fix It

The P0401 is a diagnostic trouble code that stands for Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) Insufficient Flow Detected that suggests there is a blockage in the EGR tube that restricts the flow of the recirculated exhaust gases to the engine.

Modern engines use the EGR system to reduce engine output emissions, so when this code appears you have to do something about it. In this blog post, I will talk about what the P0401 code means, its symptoms, its causes, and how to fix it.

Key Takeaway

  • The P0401 trouble code stands for EGR Flow Insufficient Detected.
  • It can affect almost all vehicles on the market.
  • The P0401 trouble code can be caused by clogged EGR passages, a bad EGR valve, faulty sensors, insufficient vacuum supply to the EGR valve, damaged wiring or a bad connector, or issues with the onboard computer.
  • The most common symptoms of a P0401 code include check engine light, pinging (pre-ignition knock), reduced engine power, rough idle, reduced fuel economy, and engine stalling.
  • It’s not safe to drive with a P0401 code because the engine can overheat.
  • To diagnose a P0401 code, you need to scan your vehicle with an OBD2 scanner physically remove the EGR valve and inspect it. There shouldn’t be any soot buildup on the EGR valve.
  • Repairing the P0401 code costs between $120 – $221 depending on make and model.

What Does The P0401 Code Mean?

P0401 EGR Flow Insufficient Detected – Meaning, Symptoms, Causes, and How To Fix It

The P0401 is a diagnostic trouble code that stands for Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) Flow Insufficient Detected. Basically, this code means that there is something that restricts the flow of recirculated exhaust gases going to the engine.

Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) is an efficient way for cars to reduce emissions. This process works by re-introducing the exhaust gases, after they are filtered and cooled, back into the engine cylinders, thereby reducing the amount of fresh air that enters the combustion chamber.

Introducing these filtered exhaust gases, reduces fuel consumption and lowers the interior temperatures of a car. EGR systems are designed such that the right proportion of exhaust gas is introduced at just the right times to create optimum efficiency.

If the flow of the recirculated exhaust gases is restricted, it can affect the performance of the engine and cause the engine to run rough engine misfire, and decrease fuel economy from improper combustion cycles.

What Are The Possible Causes of the P0401 Code?

More than one thing can cause the P0401 trouble code. However, regardless of the cause, the P0401 code is triggered when there is an insufficient flow within the EGR system. Here are all of the causes for a P0401 code:

1. Clogged EGR passages

Exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) insufficient flow is a common problem in automobile engines and can be caused by clogged passages. The EGR system helps to reduce exhaust emissions by recirculating the exhaust gases back to the combustion chamber. This means that the engine is counting on the constant flow of recirculated exhaust gases for the combustion process. If the EGR passages are clogged, there will be an insufficient flow of the recirculated exhaust gases and the P0401 code will be triggered.

2. Bad EGR valve

A P0401 trouble code indicates that a problem has been detected in the Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) system, typically due to a bad EGR valve.

The EGR valve is an important part of a car’s emission control system, as it helps reduce the amount of nitrous oxide (NOx) emissions released into the atmosphere. In simple terms, the EGR valve transfers part of an engine’s exhaust back into the intake manifold in order to be burned for a second time. This lowers NOx levels in the exhaust gasses and reduces air pollution.

By routing exhaust gasses back into the intake manifold, it also cools down combustion temperatures and helps prevent “knocking,” which occurs when fuel and air ignite before they’re supposed to due to high pressure or temperature. Over time, however, this process causes sulfuric acid to build up on the EGR valve, making it increasingly dirty and less effective at controlling emissions.

3. Faulty sensors

Two sensors can trigger a P0401 when they fail: the differential pressure sensor and the manifold absolute pressure (MAP) sensor.

A differential pressure sensor plays a critical role in the operation of a car’s engine by measuring the difference in atmospheric and intake manifold air pressure. By monitoring this data, the sensor is able to detect the least amount of vacuum that tries to draw air or fuel into the combustion chamber and helps maintain an ideal running temperature for better efficiency.

This data is then used to determine approximately when spark plugs should fire when valves should open and close, how much-unburned gas moves out of the cylinder, and finally how much fuel is needed for optimal performance.

When the differential pressure sensor fails, it stops measuring the exhaust backpressure correctly and sends out a faulty reading to the vehicle’s computer, tricking it into thinking that there is a problem with the exhaust gas recirculation and a P0401 code will be triggered.

The Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor is a key component of any car and plays an essential role in a car’s performance. When the engine runs, the MAP Sensor measures the amount of air sent to the engine from the air intake system, which helps the car’s main computer decide how much fuel to add during combustion. The combination of more or less fuel and air mixture then allows for increased power output, better fuel efficiency, and improved emissions quality.

When the MAP sensor fails, it no longer measures the air flow rate correctly and the vehicle’s computer doesn’t know how much exactly air or recirculated exhaust gases are in the combustion engine ready to be burned. This will trigger a MAP sensor code, but can also trigger a P0401 code.

4. Insufficient vacuum supply to the EGR valve

A common automotive problem is an insufficient vacuum supply to the EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) valve. This issue can arise in a few different ways, but it typically means that there is a lack of backpressure on the engine. The most common causes can range from a clogged air filter to broken or worn-out engine parts, such as gaskets or hoses. Insufficient vacuum supply to the EGR valve will cause a P0401 code.

5. Damaged wiring or a bad connector

A P0401 code is generated when the exhaust flow of a vehicle’s engine is restricted due to damaged wiring or a bad connector. This code can trigger the ‘check engine’ light and should be handled as soon as possible in order to avoid any further damage. Worn-out or broken wires may need to be replaced, while corroded connectors might need to be unplugged, cleaned, and reconnected.

The EGR gets electric power to it through a cable that is connected to the car battery. If this cable gets damaged, the EGR won’t be able to perform its job and a P0401 code will be triggered.

6. Issues with the onboard computer

Diagnosing a P0401 code can be a difficult challenge for many motorists who don’t possess a wealth of automotive knowledge. The fault is often due to an EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) system emission control malfunction caused by faulty or dirty components, or even something as simple as a loose vacuum hose connection. It can also be caused by an onboard computer malfunction. If the PCM (powertrain control module) starts incorrectly reporting oxygen sensor data, this sets off the P0401 code.

What Are The Common Symptoms of The P0401 Code?

If your vehicle has a P0401 code, you may experience some or all of these symptoms:

1. Check engine light

P0401 EGR Flow Insufficient Detected – Meaning, Symptoms, Causes, and How To Fix It

Since the EGR valve doesn’t have a separate warning light, a check engine light is illuminated when the P0401 code is triggered, indicating an emissions-related problem within your vehicle’s engine. The EGR valve opens and closes numerous times as you drive, allowing exhaust gases to re-circulate and mix with fresh air in order to lower nitrogen oxides.

If the flow of exhaust gases is too low, it can cause further issues in the emissions system leading to the P0401 code and hence activating the check engine light.

2. Pinging (pre-ignition knock)

Pre-ignition knock is a common car issue that can manifest itself as a rattling sound or knocking noise when accelerating. P0401 is a diagnostic code indicating an exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system flow malfunction, which can directly cause a pre-ignition knock. The main culprit behind P0401 causing pre-ignition knock is the high and/or erratic cylinder temperature it causes.

Since pre-ignition happens due to premature ignition of the air/fuel mixture before the spark plug firing, unruly temperatures in the cylinders exacerbate the chances of this happening. In order to address this issue, you must inspect both your EGR and related components to get your vehicle running smoothly again.

3. Reduced engine power

P0401 EGR Flow Insufficient Detected – Meaning, Symptoms, Causes, and How To Fix It

P0401 is a code that indicates an inefficient exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system. When this occurs, a significant decrease in engine power can be expected due to the blocked flow of exhaust gasses and decreased oxygen intake for combustion.

4. Rough idle

Poor engine performance is never fun to experience, but it can often be related to an easy-to-identify underlying cause. In this case, a rough idle may be due to a P0401 code. This code triggers when the vehicle’s computer gets information that the flow of the recirculated exhaust gases is lower than predetermined.

This results in an uneven air-to-fuel ratio and therefore an uneven combustion cycle. If your vehicle has a P0401 code, you will experience a rough idle.

5. Reduced fuel economy

P0401 is an OBD-II diagnostic trouble code that signals your engine’s computer has detected an issue in the exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system. While rare, this problem can affect your engine’s performance and reduce fuel economy due to the fact that it adversely affects the air/fuel ratio while driving.

Specifically, when the EGR valve sticks or malfunctions, exhaust gases are not able to recirculate into the intake manifold as they should, leading to excessive levels of fuel being burned and ultimately lowered efficiency.

6. Engine stalling

P0401 is a code that is used to detect an issue with the Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) system. Without an effective EGR system, engines can stall. This happens because when the EGR valve malfunctions or is blocked, it can prevent exhaust gasses from recirculating back into the intake system which then impacts overall emissions.

As a result, the engine will lack adequate airflow and cause it to run too rich leading to a decrease in power, stalling, and potentially permanent engine damage if not addressed quickly.

Is It Safe To Drive With a P0401 Code

It is not safe to drive long distances with a P0401 code because it will cause the engine to overheat. The exhaust gases that are recirculated back into the combustion chamber contain less oxygen which means a lower combustion temperature.

If the flow of the recirculation of the exhaust gases is low, and the vehicle is actually counting on them, it will lead to a combustion process where there is a lot of fuel and just a bit of fresh air which will increase the combustion temperature and cause the engine to overheat.

Driving with a P0401 code can be a risky proposition and should not be undertaken without first researching the issue. It is important to repair any problems associated with this code before attempting to drive, as any discrepancies in the EGR system can cause serious engine damage if left unchecked.

To ensure safety while driving with a possible P0401 code, it is recommended that vehicle owners have their cars inspected and serviced by a mechanic before beginning a journey.

How To Diagnose The P0401 Code

P0401 is the EGR low or insufficient flow code depending on the manufacturer’s definition. EGR is a system that recirculates a certain amount of the exhaust gas back into the intake during certain circumstances while the engine is running. By doing so, it reduces NOx emissions in the exhaust. Over time, the EGR system can get faulty and throw a P0401 code. Here is how to diagnose the P0401 code:

1. Scan the vehicle for trouble codes

P0401 EGR Flow Insufficient Detected – Meaning, Symptoms, Causes, and How To Fix It

Scanning the vehicle with an OBD2 scanner is obvious. You need to make sure that you are getting a P0401 trouble code. However, this code can be triggered if the EGR valve is faulty, there is a vacuum leak, or some of the hoses are clogged. So, even though you will get the P0401 code on the OBD2 scanner, you have to actually perform some tests in order to determine what exactly is causing the insufficient flow of gases.

2. Locate the EGR valve

Locating the EGR valve on your car might seem like a daunting task at first, but with a bit of patience and some basic knowledge, it is actually quite simple. It’s important to acknowledge that the location of the EGR valve can vary between vehicles, however in general they tend to be in the same area.

The EGR valve is located between the exhaust manifold and the intake manifold. Depending on the model, the EGR valve can have a vacuum line or a connector attached at the top.

3. Remove the EGR valve

P0401 EGR Flow Insufficient Detected – Meaning, Symptoms, Causes, and How To Fix It

The EGR valve is held in place by three bolts which you have to remove. Also, the EGR valves are either connected to a vacuum line or an electrical connector. You will need to disconnect it so you can pull it out.

4. Test the EGR valve

P0401 EGR Flow Insufficient Detected – Meaning, Symptoms, Causes, and How To Fix It

The main reason why EGR valves fail is carbon buildup from all the exhaust gases. But before you continue cleaning the valve, it is important to first check if it’s actually working. If you look at the EGR valve, you will see a rod and a diaphragm. Hook up a vacuum line and then suck on it. As you do that, the diaphragm should move. If it does, then you can proceed to clean the valve. However, if the diaphragm is ripped and not moving, you should get a new EGR valve.

5. Inspect the housing

If the EGR valve was dirty and you cleaned it, awesome. Now it is time to check the housing where the EGR valve sits. If there was carbon buildup on the EGR, there is a great chance that the housing is also full of carbon. You can go ahead and clean it with a screwdriver, just make sure not to damage any of the threads.

How Much Does It Cost To Repair P0401 Code

The cost to repair the P0401 code will depend on the make and model. Check out the table below as I provide info for different vehicles.

VehiclePart CostLabor CostTotal Cost
Ford$74$80$154
Chevrolet$46$80$126
Toyota$119$80$191
Volkswagen$141$80$221
GMC$57$80$137
Chrysler$82$80$162
Dodge$51$80$131
Jeep$51$80$131
Lincoln$94$80$174

What Repairs Can Fix The P0401 Code

The most common repairs that can fix the P0401 code are either cleaning the EGR valve or replacing it. In most cases, the EGR valve is stuck from the carbon deposit buildup and is causing an insufficient flow of exhaust gases, hence the P0401 code. However, after cleaning the EGR valve, if the code is still present, you can go ahead and replace it with a new EGR valve.

How To Fix The P0401 Code

P0401 EGR Flow Insufficient Detected – Meaning, Symptoms, Causes, and How To Fix It

Fixing the P0401 code requires removing, cleaning, or replacing the EGR valve. Here is how to do that:

1. Locate and remove the EGR valve

The EGR valve is located between the intake manifold and the exhaust manifold. It has a vacuum line or an electrical connector on top of it. Disconnect the vacuum line or the electrical connector first. Then, proceed to remove the three bolts that hold the EGR valve in place.

2. Test the EGR valve

Before cleaning the EGR valve, you have to make sure that the valve is working properly. To do so, first inspect the inside of the valve. There you will find a rod and a diaphragm. The diaphragm shouldn’t have any damage and should move up and down. Press the diaphragm and close the top of the EGR valve to check if the valve can hold a vacuum. If the diaphragm falls back, you should replace the EGR valve. However, if the test goes as it should and the valve holds a vacuum, proceed to clean.

3. Clean the EGR valve

To clean the EGR valve, you can use any type of solvent. I usually use a brake cleaner which does a great job. Start by spraying inside the EGR valve, just make sure to stay away from the vacuum line or the electrical harness. After spraying all of the openings, let the EGR valve soak for five hours. The solvent does require some time to remove the carbon deposits.

4. Reinstall the EGR valve

Once the EGR valve has been cleaned, slide it back in place and reinstall the bolds. Make sure they are super tight. Then go ahead and connect the vacuum line or electrical connector. Start the vehicle and make sure that there are no exhaust leaks. You can do this by placing your hand near the EGR valve.

Can Car Struts Leak? Here Is How To Diagnose a Leaky Strut

When it comes to cars, struts are incredibly important components that help the vehicle’s suspension system absorb uneven surfaces on the road. Essentially, they work by taking the energy produced when the car hits a bump and transforming it into heat, which is dissipated as oil flows through small passages in the strut’s design. Since this oil helps mitigate the impacts of adverse riding conditions, can car struts leak?

Key Takeaway

  • If the strut is bad, the hydraulic fluid found inside the strut can force oil to leak out of the strut when you go over a bump, pothole, or just general rough road conditions.
  • To verify that a strut is leaking, it is best to perform a visual inspection. It is only acceptable if there is a little bit of oil on the top of the strut. However, if there is oil on the sides of the strut, it needs to be replaced.
  • It is okay to drive with a leaky strut if the oil is only leaking at the top of the strut and not all over the place.
  • You can drive for up to six months with leaky struts.
  • A leaky strut will give a clinging or dangling noise when you go over a bump.

Can Car Struts Leak?

Can Car Struts Leak

Yes, car struts can leak because they have pistons and hydraulic fluid in them. When a vehicle traverses over bumps, potholes, or rough road conditions, that piston is pushed against that hydraulic fluid that can force oil to leak out of the strut if the seal is bad.

A strut cycles billions of times as it goes down the road. Plus, some roads can be quite bumpy which only causes the strut to work even harder. Now, when you hit a pothole, the struts absorb this force and dampen the feeling thanks to the piston and hydraulic fluid inside. But, depending on how bad the force of the road is, it can cause the strut to leak oil because the top is not a complete seal.

A small oil leak on the side of the car struts is called weepage. This does not necessarily mean that the strut needs to be replaced. A small amount of leakage is acceptable and is the result of fluid clinging to the rod and being pulled past the oil seal on the extension stroke.

Monotube struts have a much higher internal gas pressure. That high internal gas pressure forces very minimal amounts of oil to weep through the micro-cracks of the chrome layer on the piston rod. That oil can get past the oiled silk and end up on the body of the strut.

A good rule of thumb is to replace your leaking car struts if the oil has made it past half of the body strut. You can also do a further inspection of the oil itself. If it appears as a thick coating with pieces of dust and debris in it, chances are the struts will need replacing.

How Do You Know If a Strut Is Leaking?

Struts are critical but often overlooked parts that help your vehicle drive off safely after hitting a bump on the road. Struts can get damaged by larger potholes, corrosion from road salt, or simply wear out from use. But, how exactly can you know if a strut is leaking?

The best way to tell if a strut is leaking is to visually inspect it. But keep in mind that it is considered normal for the strut to leak around the top and this strut doesn’t need replacing. However, if the strut has excessive oil all over the body, it is most likely that it has failed and needs replacing.

If your car becomes bouncier after hitting a bump, or the car nose dives when braking hard, there is a good chance that the struts are going bad. These two symptoms are enough for you to go ahead and perform a visual inspection of the struts.

Most vehicles on the road today use a strut-type suspension which is a coil spring placed around a shock absorber. The spring supports the weight of the car and allows the suspension to soak up rough roads. The spring also stores this energy as it’s compressed over a bump, and then releases it. When a strut starts leaking, your car would bounce uncontrollably as the spring compresses and releases this energy over and over again.

Is It OK To Drive With a Leaking Strut?

Can Car Struts Leak

It is okay to drive with a leaking strut if the leakage is only minimum and is around the top of the strut. In fact, it is quite common for struts to leak around the top end because when a piston pushes the hydraulic fluid inside the strut, some of it can actually escape past the seal. It is not okay to drive with a leaking strut if the leakage is severe and the oil looks dirty and gunky.

Inside a car’s struts, a layer of oil serves as both a cushion and lubricant that is integral to keeping the ride smooth on bumpy roads. When shock absorbers encounter abrupt changes in movement, such as when going over speed bumps or potholes, the oil quickly moves from one chamber of the strut to another through small passages inside.

This quick transfer helps even out the shock for occupants in the car and prevents too much vibration from traveling through suspensions, axles, and other components. The oil also works to keep the parts within the strut moving rapidly and efficiently with minimal friction.

Inside the strut, there is a seal that keeps the oil from leaking. However, the struts go up and down thousands of times, the seal is going to wear out over time and oil can start to leak on the strut body. Sometimes the struts can get hit by a rock while driving which can damage the body and cause oil to leak out.

Inspecting a leaking strut to determine whether or not it is ok to drive includes removing the wheel, inspecting the clarity of the oil, and determining how bad the leakage is. If oil has leaked all the way to the bottom of the strut, it is probably a good idea to replace it.

How Long Can I Drive With a Leaking Strut?

If your struts are only starting to leak at the top, you can drive for up to six months. This type of leakage is actually considered normal. However, if the leaking is severe and oil is dripping all the way to the bottom of the struts, it is time to replace them. Struts provide structural support to the vehicle, and comfort, but also keep your vehicle stable during cornering and braking.

On top of the struts, there is a seal that keeps the hydraulic fluid inside of the struts. However, this seal is not a complete seal. This is why it is normal for a strut to leak a little bit at the top. But, over time, this seal wears out completely and allows water and dirt to enter the hydraulic fluid and contaminate it. At this point, the struts aren’t doing what they are supposed to and it is time for a replacement.

Many car owners think that struts only provide comfort for the passengers by dampening the road effects. Struts actually keep the vehicle glued to the ground when cornering and braking. If your struts are bad, your vehicle could roll. Also, when you hit the brakes in an emergency situation and your struts are bad, this will cause the car to nose-dive and increase the stopping distance.

What Does a Leaking Strut Sound Like?

A leaking strut can give away a dinging, clanging, and rattling noise because the seal has failed and allowed water in which forced out the hydraulic fluid and the strut shaft is banging left and right inside the strut.

In general, struts consist of three main components: the coil spring that absorbs bumps in the road by helping to maintain tire contact, a structural arm known as the control arm that is located on either side of the suspension system and resists lateral forces, and a struts shock absorber that works with the spring to dampen energy inputs from the road’s surface.

On top of the strut, there is an oil seal. All car struts come with oil seals that help to keep lubricant in the strut while preventing dirt and debris from entering the chamber. However, when this seal fails, it will allow water and dirt to get inside which will cause the hydraulic fluid to leak out over time.

When the hydraulic fluid leaks out, the strut shaft will have no lubrication and you will hear a banging noise each time you drive over a bump or a pothole.

What Are Struts On a Car And Why Are They Important

Struts are independent constructional parts of the suspension system and they have two main jobs: perform a damping function like shock absorbers do, and provide structural support to the vehicle’s suspension. Read on to find out more as I go into detail about struts on a car.

Key Takeaway

  • Struts are part of the front suspension system that acts as structural support to the vehicle and also dampens and controls the rebound.
  • If a strut goes bad, your vehicle will nose-dive when you hit the brakes, there will be excessive bounces on rough surfaces, the vehicle might veer in crosswinds, the tires will wear out unevenly, and fluid will start leaking from the strut.
  • The struts usually last between 50,000 – 100,000 miles depending on the condition of the roads.
  • If you do not replace a bad strut, the front of the vehicle will be lower than the back which results in increased braking distance.

What Are Struts On a Car

What are struts on a car

Struts are a part of the front suspension system on cars and act both as a structural support that keeps the vehicle at a specific ride height, and also serve to dampen and control rebound by turning kinetic energy into thermal energy.

A strut is filled with fluid that is being pushed through a series of small holes called orifices inside by a piston. These orifices only allow so much fluid to travel through them at a given rate which is how a vehicle gets the dampening. And since the strut is basically a structural part of the suspension system, without it, the vehicle will be basically sitting on the wheels.

Apart from the obvious purpose of the strut which is to provide structural support to the vehicle and absorb the force of bumps in the road, they have one more role which is to affect the handling of the vehicle.

The purpose of the struts is not only to absorb kinetic energy but also to transfer it to the tires in order to create safe and predictable handling. Struts help with the weight transfer involved in braking, accelerating, and cornering.

Many aftermarket struts are designed with goals other than comfort and functionality. They offer a great deal of adjustability in their absorption rates which can provide a stiffer or softer ride. Also, they allow your vehicle to sit lower without damaging the strut itself.

How Do I Know If My Struts Are Bad?

What are struts on a car

Usually, after about 50,000 miles of driving, it is a good time to start checking your suspension components for wear, especially if you have been doing a lot of towing and hauling. An excessive rebound that feels like a very bouncy ride is probably the most common sign that your struts are no longer functioning properly. Here are more signs that your struts are bad.

1. Nose-diving when braking

What are struts on a car

Have you ever been in a situation where you had to quickly slam on the brakes to avoid an accident? Maybe a car in front of you has stopped or there is a pedestrian crossing the road.

When your struts are bad, hitting the brake will cause a sudden shift of weight forward and will cause your vehicle to nose-dive. Since bad struts are unable to hold the extra weight of the car, they will lower the front end of the vehicle. This will result in increased stopping distance because the rear of the vehicle will be lifted up and the rear braking performance will be reduced.

Many car owners take for granted the importance that struts have on a vehicle’s ability to stop safely and effectively. Worn struts at a speed of 70 mph can increase the stopping distance by more than 22 feet. Those 22 feet can be the difference between a close call and a collision.

2. Excessive bounce on rough surfaces

When you drive over a bump or rough surface, it’s actually the springs in your car that absorb the impact and not the struts. The struts are there to control the bouncing spring and help keep your tires glued to the road.

When you hit a bump, your vehicle should rise and fall quickly and then stabilize after one or two rebounds. If you notice that your vehicle is continuing to rock up and down after hitting a bump, or if the suspension routinely bottoms out when going over potholes, it’s a sign that you need to have your struts checked.

3. Vehicle veers in crosswinds

If your vehicle rocks back and forth when you drive past a large truck or strong crosswinds shake your vehicle, there is a good chance that your struts aren’t functioning properly. When struts lose their damping ability, your vehicle is less stable in windy conditions. This is even more noticeable and dangerous for light trucks, SUVs, or vehicles towing heavy loads.

4. Uneven tire wear

Another indicator that your struts might be worn or damaged is to check your tires for any uneven or premature tread wear. Premature wear of the tires can be a clear sign of a worn strut, especially if it only occurs on one side. You can also check for cupping or scuffing of the tires.

Uneven tire wear is caused by the strut’s inability to control the suspension which causes the tire to bounce and wear unevenly while you drive. However, there are many other factors that can cause premature or uneven tire wear. So, make sure that you have your vehicle inspected by a professional.

5. Fluid leakage on the struts

If you drive on harsh country roads, periodically check for fluid leaking from your struts. Ice, snow, grit, and debris can easily scratch or damage the piston rod allowing grit and dirt to harm the piston seal. When the seal is compromised, fluid can leak and impair the strut’s ability to control the vehicle.

If your strut is leaking, you’ll likely see a thick solid coat of grime, grit, and dirt built up on the leaked oil. An undamaged strut might have some road dirt, but it won’t be as extensive. Occasionally inspect your struts and look for any discoloration or excessive grime and dirt on the body of the strut.

How Many Miles Do Struts Usually Last?

The lifespan of struts depends on how hard the struts worked throughout their life. The struts mounted on a vehicle that travels on a smooth highway are probably going to last over 100,000 miles. However, if you drive a truck with a load on its bed, on a bad road, the struts are going to last about 50,000 miles or less.

The function of the strut is to dampen the movement of the spring. The spring absorbs the energy from the road and this energy is then absorbed by the struts and converted to heat. This heat is dissipated through the canister of the strut into the atmosphere.

If you are driving down a bumpy road going 55 mph, the strut is working pretty hard, but not the hardest because you have some airflow that is cooling them down. If the struts are able to dissipate the heat successfully, they are working properly.

However, driving slowly with a load in your vehicle is going to create a lot of heat that isn’t being cooled down fast. This is how struts suffer the most.

What Happens If You Don’t Replace Struts?

If you don’t replace struts when they go bad, you will experience excessive bounce on rough surfaces because the struts are supposed to provide a dampening effect. If you ignore the first sign of failing struts, you will notice uneven tire wear, oil leakage from the struts, hard time cornering, and nose-diving when braking.

Struts play an absolutely essential role as part of a car’s suspension system. They are designed to absorb any shock that comes from the impact of driving over rough or uneven terrain, or even just regular bumps in the road.

By dampening some of this impact, struts ensure that passengers have a comfortable ride while reducing wear and tear on other parts of the suspension system components. Struts also provide structural support and hold the weight of the vehicle at a specific height.

If your struts are going bad and you don’t replace them, your overall driving experience will worsen significantly. If you drive over a large pothole, the vehicle will have multiple rebounds before stabilizing. You will feel like you are in a boat. This is very dangerous when going into corners because you won’t have much control.

For me, the worst situation that bad struts can put you in is when you are driving on a windy day. You will be able to feel the winds just blowing your vehicle left and right. This is especially hard if you are driving pat a large truck.

Does A Bad Water Pump Affect Heat? No Heat Solved

When winter comes, there is nothing worse than driving a car with no heat. Apart from not being able to heat up the cabin for comfort, you won’t be able to defog your windshield. When a vehicle has no heat, most people think of a bad blend door actuator or a failed AC component. But, did you know that a bad water pump can cause no heat in vehicles?

Key Takeaway

  • A bad water pump can cause no heat because the heater core requires hot coolant to be circulated in order to release heat in the cabin.
  • To see what is causing no heat in your vehicle, monitor the temperature gauge and see how long it takes for the engine to heat up. If it takes longer than fifteen minutes for the engine to warm up, the thermostat is bad and needs replacing.
  • Check the coolant level and add more if needed. Without coolant, there will be no heat in the car.
  • Inspect the radiator hoses for any blockages.
  • A bad water pump will not throw a trouble code because it is a mechanical part and has no sensors.

Does A Bad Water Pump Affect Heat?

Does A Bad Water Pump Affect Heat

A bad water pump can affect the heat and cause no heat in your vehicle. The vehicle is getting hot air inside the cabin because the water pump is circulating hot coolant through the heater hoses, into the heater valve, and the heater itself. When you adjust the heater control module to blow heat, that heat from the coolant that the water pump brought to the heater core is released to the cabin by the blower motor.

There are many parts involved in the production of hot air in car cabins. The radiator, thermostat, water pump, heater hoses, heater valve, blower motor, relays, heater core, and heater/AC control module. All of these components have different tasks. But in the end, this is how the car cabin gets hot air.

When you start the engine, the water pump is immediately activated and starts pumping coolant through the engine. Have you noticed how the vehicle isn’t able to produce heat as soon as you start it? Well, that is because the coolant in your vehicle is still cold. As soon as the engine gets hot, the coolant absorbs that heat and with the help of the water pump, the hot coolant gets to the heater core.

When the hot coolant gets to the heater core thanks to the water pump, it has the ability to produce heat. At this point, you need to adjust the heater control module inside your vehicle and the signal would be sent through relays. This will tell the blower motor to either start blowing faster or slower, depending on the settings and you will have heat inside the car. None of this is possible without a properly functioning water pump.

What To Check If The Heat Is Not Working In a Car?

Does A Bad Water Pump Affect Heat

If the heat is not working in your car, you should first make sure that the engine is warmed up, then check the coolant level and make sure that it is topped off. If everything is alright, proceed to check for coolant flow obstruction as well as air flow distribution problems.

1. Monitor the engine temperature gauge

If you are getting no heat coming out of the vents, the first thing you can check is your engine temperature gauge. You need a hot engine in order to get heat inside the car. Normally, your engine should reach its operating temperature within 10 to 15 minutes of operating the vehicle. But, if your engine temperature lingers at the bottom of the gauge for 30 minutes, you may want to look into replacing your thermostat.

The purpose of a car thermostat is to regulate the temperature of your car’s engine. If the thermostat is stuck open, it will allow coolant to flow out of the engine and cool down. This will prolong the warming-up time and in the meanwhile, you will not have heat in your car.

2. Check the coolant level

Does A Bad Water Pump Affect Heat

The engine cooling system circulates the hot coolant from the engine through the heater core. A heater core is a small radiator behind the dash. The heater core is usually placed above the rest of the cooling system. So, if there is a leak in the system, it will be the first component to lose the coolant supply. If that is the case, you may notice water flowing sound behind the dash.

A common mistake people make when they are checking the coolant level is they check only the overflow tank. Don’t forget to check the radiator as well. But make sure the engine is cold before opening the radiator cap. Nine out of ten, topping off your cooling system will take care of the heating problem.

3. Obstructions in the coolant flow

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The third thing to check if the heat is not working in your car is a restriction of coolant flow to the heater core. A clogged-up heater core or pinched heater hose can also lead to no heat. If you open the hood on any car and look at the very back of the engine compartment, you’ll find two rubber hoses going into the firewall. Those are heater core hoses providing hot coolant from the engine to the heater core.

Make sure they’re not pinched or kinked because they can get jammed under something like an engine cover, or get routed poorly after repairs.

4. Check if the heater core is clogged up

If your coolant looks rusty and gunky, you can bet that your heater core doesn’t look much better. Being smaller than the actual radiator, the heater core can get clogged up easier. To check if your heater core is clogged up without removing any parts, you will need an infrared thermometer. Turn on the vehicle and with the engine warmed up, set the temperature and the blower to the highest.

Then, measure the temperatures on both of the heater hoses. The temperatures should be around 200 degrees Fahrenheit, and the accepted difference in temperatures between the hoses should be no more than 30 degrees Fahrenheit. If the difference is larger, there is a good chance that the heater core is clogged.

5. Check the air distribution system

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By air distribution system I mean the blower motor and the blend door actuator. Your car could be blowing heat, only the intensity could be low. If you turn the blower motor to full blast, but you can barely feel any air coming out the vents, check the cabin air filter. If your blower motor isn’t coming on as you adjust the settings, you should check relays and fuses to see if power is getting to it.

Another common problem with the air distribution system is the blend door actuators. The blend door actuators have the purpose of redirecting the heat (windshield, center console, back, etc). Make sure to test if there is no heat anywhere. However, if you are getting heat on the passenger side, but not on the drivers, you should replace your blend door actuators.

Will Low Coolant Cause No Heat?

Does A Bad Water Pump Affect Heat 5

Yes. Low coolant will cause no heat in your vehicle because hot coolant circulated to the heater core is how you get hot air inside the cabin. When the coolant is low, not only will you have no heat in the vehicle, but the engine will overheat.

When you first start your car, the water pump is immediately engaged and starts circulating coolant. Now, with a cold engine, the coolant won’t do much when it comes to heating up the cabin. This is why the coolant circulates only around the engine to absorb the heat as fast as possible.

Once the engine reaches its optimal operating temperature and the coolant gets hot, it will travel through the heater hoses and into the heater core. From there, if you choose to put heat in your cabin, the heater blower will blow the heat from the hot coolant into the cabin through the vents.

When the coolant level is low, there will be less hot coolant going to the heater core. This automatically results in reduced heat. But, the bigger problem that you will have to worry about is engine overheating. So, top off the coolant in your vehicle and try to find the reason why the coolant is low in the first place. I would suggest that you check for leaks around the water pump.

Will a Bad Water Pump Throw a Code?

No, a bad water pump will not throw a code because water pumps are mechanical and do not have sensors. The closest to a trouble code that a water pump can throw is the engine overheating signal.

Water pumps usually last 100 000 miles or more on average. But, given the fundamental role that they play in regulating the engine temperature, a failing water pump isn’t something you want to ignore for a long. Since a bad water pump will not throw a code, how will you know your water pump is failing?

Water pumps move such a vast amount of coolant over the life of the unit and the bearings wear out over time. In fact, bearing wearing out tends to be the most common cause of water pump failure. A rattling noise or a clicking or squeaking noise at idle could be an indication of a bad bearing in the water pump. A grinding or growling noise could point to the same issue although it’s possible that the noise is emanating from a different bearing in the front of the engine.

A loud whining or groaning noise that gets worse with acceleration is a telltale sign of a problem related to the water pump. Although the pump itself might not be the source of the noise, the sound could be the result of a failing water pump pulley or a loose drive belt.

Another classic sign of a failing water pump is coolant leakage. The unitized seal assembly inside the water pump that surrounds and supports the shaft typically uses a hard ceramic seal to prevent coolant seepage around the shaft. Any abrasive contaminants that circulate with the coolant will scour the seal and eventually cause the seal to fail.

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